The demographic crisis of historic “challenge” for Russia, according to Putin

The demographic crisis facing the Russian federation is a threat to the future of the country and a challenge ” historic “, said Wednesday Vladimir Putin, announcing new measures to support families to increase the population.

“We are now 147 million, but we have entered a bad period demographic “, he said in opening his address to the Russian Parliament, explaining that ” the bad forecasts current may not that we worry about.”

“The fate of Russia and its historical perspectives depends on how much we will be” in the future, he added, calling to ” get out of the trap population “.

Russia has lost more than five million people since 1991, as a result of the severe demographic crisis that followed the fall of the USSR.

After a recovery period, the Russian population decreased again from 2018 as the generation born in the early post-soviet years, marked by a declining birthrate, arrives at the age to have children.

According to the Russian president, the fertility rate (number of children per woman) stood in 2019 at 1.5 children per woman. “This should be 1.7 children per woman by 2024 “, he set the goal.

Announcing measures pronatalist, he promised the extension of a program of financial assistance to the parents, until then open to the birth of the second child, as soon as the first child.

“We need to support young people, those who start their family life and which, I am sure, dream of having children,” said the Russian president.

The overall aid given to families with two children will reach a total of 617 000 rubles (about$ 14,000) divided between the two births, he added, announcing the extension of this program until at least December 2026.

It has also announced new allowances to families in difficulties for children from three to seven years and the provision of free school meals.