With one can of sweetened drink a day, your liver is already in danger

Cans, Drink, Pollution, Trash, Beverage
With one can of sweetened drink a day, your liver is already in danger

Two scientific studies, published one after the other, point out the health damage caused by soft drinks. From one can a day, they weaken the liver. And drinking it regularly would increase the risk of cancer.

One can of soda a day is enough! This is the conclusion of a scientific study presented on Wednesday at the Paris Nash meeting of hepatologists.

According to the researchers, from 33 cl every day, the liver is in danger. Professor Lawrence Serfaty's team was able to show, based on data from the Inserm Cohort Constance, that 18.2% of French people were affected by the "foie gras" disease, the Nash, the English acronym for non-alcoholic steato hepatitis.

Danger from one can per day

Of these, 2.6% live with advanced liver disease, or more than 200,000 people at high risk of developing cirrhosis and/or liver cancer.

The disease is twice as frequent in men (25.8%) as in women (11.4%) and increases with age.
What are the risk factors? Eating more than one can of soda a day or smoking more than one pack a day for 10 years weakens you.

The benefits of coffee 

In contrast, the researchers observed the protective effect of coffee beyond one cup of undecaffeinated coffee per day and physical activity beyond two hours per week, regardless of all other risk factors. That is, even without a diet or weight loss, the mere fact of practicing
regular physical activity protects the liver.

Sweetened drinks and cancer

Another Inserm study, published on Thursday, warns of the cancer risks associated with the consumption of sweetened drinks, whether soft drinks or fruit juices.

The researchers observed 101,257 participants from the French NutriNet-Santé cohort, followed between 2009 and 2018. With one conclusion: the consumption of sweetened drinks was found to be associated with a higher risk of cancer (2,193 cases out of 101,257 participants), and in particular breast cancer (693 cases). A 100 millilitre increase in the average daily consumption of sweetened drinks was associated with an increase in cancer risk of about 18%. This applies to 100% pure fruit juices and sweetened drinks excluding fruit juices.

The survey is an observational study, and researchers are currently careful not to establish a cause-and-effect relationship. But they point out that their sample is large enough and the results strong enough to sound the alarm.

The Anses, in its latest recommendations, classifies fruit juices as sweetened drinks whose consumption should be limited. Policies have addressed the problem through the soda tax, which aims to limit the sugar content of these drinks.